Doctor Norman Miles Guiou: Pioneering Blood Transfusions for Wounded Soldiers
This portable transfusion kit belonged to Canadian Army Medical Corps doctor Norman Miles Guiou, a pioneer of blood transfusion during the First World War. Guiou’s simple techniques helped save the lives of wounded soldiers who otherwise would have died from blood loss and shock.
Guiou transfused blood directly from donors to wounded men using tubing or a syringe. This meant that the transfusion could take place at advanced dressing stations close to the front lines, allowing the injured to receive blood sooner and reducing their risk of dying on the way to specialized care units further behind the lines.
Guiou’s transfusions were not always successful, but they marked an important evolution in combat surgery.