Curiosity That Lasts a Lifetime

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Dr. Brenda Milner

Dr. Brenda Milner spent decades working with the same patient as a McGill University neuroscientist – but he didn’t recognize her from one visit to the next. The patient, known as H.M., suffered from severe epilepsy. He had undergone brain surgery that made it impossible for him to turn short-term memories into long-term memories. But by working with H.M. over time, Dr. Milner found that through practice, H.M. still acquire new skills. Somewhere in his brain, long-term memories were being stored. This discovery – that the brain has multiple systems for storing memories, and that different types of activities are stored in different areas of the brain – was the watershed that paved the way for the development of modern-day cognitive neuroscience. Dr. Milner, now in her 90s, continues to be an active professor and researcher at McGill today.

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McGill University

McGill University is one of Canada's best-known institutions of higher learning and one of the leading universities in the world. With students coming to McGill from over 150 countries, our student body is the most internationally diverse of any research-intensive university in the country. 

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