Collection Highlights

Fairchild PT-26B Cornell III

Artifact No.: 1967.0656 


Highlights:

  • An American Second World War monoplane primary trainer designed by Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation and produced from 1940 to 1944
  • Based on the PT-19, which replaced U.S. Army Air Forces biplane trainers
  • Ordered by the RCAF to replace the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan's de Havilland Tiger Moths and Fleet Finches
  • Modified with enclosed cockpits and improved heating systems for the Canadian climate
  • Made in Canada by Fleet Aircraft Limited
  • Twenty Canadian-built Cornells were used by the Royal Norwegian Air Force's "Little Norway" wartime bases in Ontario
  • Sold for civilian use postwar but became unpopular due to the upkeep required as wooden wings aged
  • First flight was on July 9, 1942

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History:

The Fairchild Cornell was the successor to the Tiger Moth and Fleet Finch for elementary pilot training in the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan . The RCAF version, which served until 1947, was the Cornell III, manufactured by Fleet Aircraft, Fort Erie, Ontario. In late 1943 a series of wing failures occurred, requiring reinforcement of the main spar. After the war many Cornells were sold for civilian use, but the wing spar problem continued and required stringent annual inspections. This weakness greatly reduced their popularity. Canada built 1 642.

Although Cornells were also manufactured in Canada for the US Army Air Forces, none was delivered there. Most of the US Army Air Forces order was sent to the RAF under lend-lease, with the balance going to the RCAF. Twenty Canadian-built Cornells were used by the Royal Norwegian Air Force at their two wartime bases in Ontario. Some Canadian-built Cornell IIs were shipped to Africa and India to be used in training schools.

Current Location:

British Commonwealth Air Training Plan Exhibition, Canada Aviation and Space Museum

Provenance:

Transfer from the Royal Canadian Air Force

This Cornell III was manufactured by Fleet Aircraft Limited in Fort Erie, Ontario in July 1942. It was issued to the RCAF No. 4 Training Command in Regina, Saskatchewan, and served in BCATP Elementary Flying Training Schools until July 1944.

From 1944 to 1962, it was stored in various RCAF depots, mainly in Western Canada. It was displayed at Rockcliffe airport for Air Force Day in April1962. The aircraft was made part of the RCAF's historic aircraft collection at Rockcliffe airport in 1964, and was transferred to the Museum later that year.

Technical Information:

Wing Span 11.3 m (36 ft 11 3/16 in)
Length 8.7 m (28 ft 8 in)
Height 2.3 m (7 ft 7 1/2 in)
Weight, Empty 917 kg (2,022 lb)
Weight, Gross 1,241 kg (2,736 lb)
Cruising Speed 162 km/h (101 mph)
Max Speed 196 km/h (122 mph)
Rate of Climb 197 m (645 ft) /min
Service Ceiling 4,020 m (13,200 ft)
Range 692 km (430 mi)
Power Plant one Ranger 6-440-65, 200 hp, inverted in-line engine

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