The Venturi Effect
- A small, clear drinking glass (plastic works fine)
- A straw
- Food colouring
- Scotch tape
- Fill the drinking glass with water, leaving 1/2 to 1 inch 1.25 to 2.5 cm) of space at the top of the glass.
- Cut the straw into two short pieces.
- Tape one piece of the straw to the inside of the glass, with one end in the water, and the other end sticking out over the top of the glass.
- Set the glass on a table, and kneel or sit so that the glass is at eye level.
- Hold the other piece of straw so that half of its opening is covered by the straw in the glass.
- Blow into the straw.
- Observe and record what happens.
Tips: Cut an “L” shape from a piece of cardstock, and tape both pieces of straw to it for greater stability. If no water sprays out, shorten the straw you are blowing into.
Ontario Curriculum Links
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: Understanding Earth and Space Systems
- Air and Water in the Environment
- Investigate, through experimentation, the characteristics of air
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: Understanding Structures and Mechanisms
- Use scientific inquiry/experimentation skills to investigate the properties of air
- Identify the properties of air that make flight possible
Quebec Curriculum Links
Elementary Cycle Three
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: The Material World
- Forces and Motion
- Pressure (e.g., pressure in a balloon, on an airplane wing)
Suggestions for Art Activities
Blown-art projects are lots of fun (messy, but fun!). Adapt your Venturi experiment to use thin paint, and blow at a large sheet of paper. The resulting painting could be a finished piece, or it could become the background for a larger work. It’s all up to you and your class!
In the Museum, to help younger children visualize air molecules and understand what is happening when the molecules are compressed, we often have them become the molecules and act out the process. Older classes could also have fun making up skits to explain what is going on in this experiment, and how the water can possibly be sucked up and blown out this way!Back to top