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Artifact no.
Campbell & Fowler Ltd.
Manufacturer Location
St. john, New brunswick, Canada
Manufactured Date
Circa 1863 - 1879
Context Function
Used to cut into and shape wood.
Context Technical
Example of typical firmer chisel, having parallel blade with bevelled cutting edge. Wooden handle end is flattened as a result of being struck with a mallet. Leather covering on handle end is designed to absorb shock, and reduce splitting. [Ref. 3]
Context Canada
Part of a collection of hand tools belonging to James Anthony (1883-1966), an English born and trained carpenter who came to Canada c. 1910 and worked in and around Ottawa, ON. Following the 1916 fire which destroyed the Parliament buildings and damaged the Library, Mr. Anthony was hired as a foreman with the restoration crews. Until 1920, he was involved in the rebuilding of the Peace Tower and the installation of new windows at the Library of Parliament. He later worked with various builders in the Ottawa area, retiring in the late1940s. After his death in 1966 the tools were given to his son Jack, who in turn donated them to CSTMC. [Ref. 1] Campbell & Fowler of St. John, NB manufactured shipwrights' axes and other tools. In 1879 the company became known as "W. Campbell"; in 1891 the name was changed to Campbell Bros. The company was liquidated in 1926. [Ref. 4]
Steel blade; light brown hardwood handle; leather pad.
Number of Parts
Artifact Finish
Steel blade; light brown hardwood handle; leather pad on handle end..
Artifact Markings
"Campbell & Fowler Ltd./ Saint John, N.B." stamped on blade. "J. ANTHONY" stamped into handle.
Artifact Missing
Appears complete.
Group 1
Industrial Technology
Category 1
Tools & equipment-trades
Subcategory 1
Group 2
Industrial Technology
Category 2
Subcategory 2
metal->steel - possible;wood->;skin->leather
27.9 cm
2.7 cm