Collection Storage Facility
Donation from the Central Experimental Farm in Ottawa
The “Junior 1” cream separator is an example of a mechanical separator from the company that pioneered centrifugal separation. The Junior 1 model was a small tabletop separator.
Before the invention of the cream separator in the late nineteenth century, cream was hand skimmed from milk. In 1879, Swedish inventor Carl de Laval perfected a mechanical separator that used centrifugal force to separate cream. Mechanical separation allowed dairy farmers to increase their yield of butterfat — and income. Hand-cranked mechanical separators began appearing on Canadian farms in the 1890s and were commonly used by farm women and children as part of their labour routine.